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How do I master SQL skills?

how do i master sql skills

Structured Query Language, widely known as SQL, is a programming language that stores, develops, updates, or deletes the gathered data. However, SQL differs from traditional programming languages like Java and Python. In SQL, you have to prompt the system about the tasks it needs to perform, and then the Database Management System, popularly known as the DBMS, looks into it and figures out how to execute the given task.


SQL is a widely used programming language in the IT industry. Since job opportunities in this field keep increasing day by day, many individuals are opting for job roles like Data Analyst, Data Engineer, Data Scientist, Software Developer, etc. After having completed your SQL Course, you’d want to be employed by your dream company.

As mentioned earlier, this is one of the most sought-after domains, and many individuals apply for jobs in this domain. Getting a job gets easier only if you acquire advanced knowledge and have mastered SQL skills.


Now the question is, "How do you master SQL skills”?


Today, in this blog, we’ll be sharing tips and tricks on mastering the SQL skills that will help you skyrocket your career in no time.


    • 1) Understanding the Fundamentals

    • Before aiming to master the entire concept, you need to understand the basics. Only after having a complete understanding of the basics can you move on to the advanced topics. Now the fundamentals of SQL include data types, syntax, and basic SQL queries.

    • 2) Set-Up a Database

    • It refers to setting up a relational database management system such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, or SQL Server on your device. You can also create a sample database to practice SQL queries.

    • 3) Regular Practice

    • To master anything, you must practice it regularly. You can practice SQL queries daily to be able to understand them completely. Starting from scratch might not be easy, but if you practice it every day, you will grasp it quickly. It’d be great if you participated in the coding challenge, as it will help you with speed and gain hands-on experience.

    • 4) Working With Real Data

    • Now this is a step that you can’t miss in any way. To get an authentic experience, gather data sets that are publicly available and create sample data yourself. This will help you understand what data manipulation is.

    • 5) Take-Up Courses

    • Self-learning might be comfortable, but to learn SQL correctly, you might want to take up courses that help you learn SQL in depth with projects, assignments, and case studies. Institutes like Itvedant offer IT Courses like Data Science and Analytics with AI, Full Stack Development, and Data Software Engineering in which you can learn SQL along with other concepts and programming languages.

    • 6) Dive into Advanced Concepts

    • You can’t upgrade your knowledge if you’re stuck with the same fundamental concepts of SQL. To upgrade your knowledge, you’ll have to up your game and learn advanced concepts. This is the only way you can learn to solve complex problems.

    • 7) Optimize Performance

    • It is essential to learn how to optimize your SQL queries by using indexes and avoiding subqueries and unnecessary joins. Optimizing database schemas is a plus. You must learn how to understand and explain the command to analyze query plans and identify where and why your query performance is lagging.

    • 8) Work on Real-Word Projects

    • Don’t forget to apply your SQL skillset and knowledge in building real-world projects like analyzing data sets, developing web applications, etc. because having practical experience is very important for one to showcase their talent to potential clients.


Below, we have enlisted the essential SQL skills one needs to be equipped with:


    • 1) Basic Understanding of SYNTAX

    • It refers to the use of basic SQL queries like insert, delete, update, and select along with their clauses.

    • 2) Creation of Databases and Tables

    • Learning how to use statements such as ‘create table’ and ‘create a database’, and defining columns, data types, and constraints is a must.

    • 3) Data Querying and Manipulation

    • Having the ability to insert, update and delete the data using statements of the same and knowing how to derive data using the ‘select statement’.

    • 4) Various Types of Joins

    • Having an understanding of different types of joins to merge data and numerous tables based on common columns.

    • 5) Creating and Using Indexes

    • It is important to have a good grasp of indexing as it helps in improving the query performance

    • 6) Creating Views

    • Views are virtual tables based on queries and they’re used to simplify the complex queries.

    • 7) Constraints

    • Exploring constraints like primary keys, foreign keys, and unique keys to implement data integrity.

    • 8) Subqueries

    • Subqueries are the ones that are inside other queries. These help in performing complex queries and deriving specific data or results.

    • 9) Aggregation & Modification

    • You will be able to perform calculations on groups of rows if you acquire the knowledge of aggregate functions like SUM, AVG, MIN, MAX, and COUNT. Secondly, learning concepts like transactions, rollback, etc, will help you learn modification quickly.

    • 10) Data Definition and Manipulation Languages

    • Becoming proficient in DDL and DML can make your work easy. DML statements include INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE for modification of the data. Whereas in DDL, statements like CREATE, ALTER, and Drop are used to define and manage the tables, views, and indexes.

    • 11) Stored Procedures

    • These are basically precompiled SQL code blocks that can be operated to perform specific tasks.


Learning SQL is not like participating in Ninja Warrior. It might not be the easiest task but if you have the patience and passion to learn something new, you can easily master it. The secret to always staying relevant is by upskilling yourself and upgrading your knowledge along with gaining experience.


We hope our article has enlighted you on the SQL subject. To know more about Itvedant’s courses, you can check out our website- Itvedant, and browse through our courses.