Java VS Python

Python VS Java - Itvedant

Java VS Python

Every programmer want to know which is the best programming language Java or Python? In both Learning and future career perspective. So here we go! If you are a fresher and wish to give a great start to your career, you often think of choosing the right programming language, whether to choose the legendary Java or the trending Python. To learn these trendy language visit Python Training Institute in Mumbai & Java Training Institute in Mumbai

Well, I have an answer that will help you in making the right decision. But before that, let me mention that both, Java and Python are great programming languages.

Let’s look into the various parameters, on the basis of which we will compare Java and Python

 

The difference in Java language and Python language

Java

Python

Java developed by James Gosling and his colleagues at Sun Microsystems in 1996. Java initially named as Oak. Python developed in 1989 by Guido van Rossum at Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI).
It gained popularity very soon and it's a very popular language till date.
It attracted many C/C++ developers, as the concept of pointers was removed in Java.
Yes, Older than Java!
But couldn't gain much popularity then, until recent years. In recent years, Python a very popular and trending language.
Statically typed language, which means we need to provide a data type to variables before compiling it. Dynamically typed language, which means it performs type checking at runtime.
First compiled to bytecode and then executed by the JVM. This makes it a little faster than python. The interpreter interprets python code line by line. This makes it a little slower compared to Java.
Java removed the concept of pointers and became a simpler language compared to C/C++. As discussed earlier, In java we need to provide data type to variables and has a total of 57 keywords. In Python, we do not need to provide any data type, hence reducing its number of keywords to just 33. Python is even simpler compared to Java

HISTORY - Python VS Java

Java

  • Java developed by James Gosling and his colleagues at Sun Microsystems in 1996. Java initially named as Oak.
  • It gained popularity very soon and very popular language till date.
  • It attracted many C/C++ developers, as the concept of pointers was removed in Java.

Python

  • Python developed around 1989 by Guido van Rossum at Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI).
  • Yes, Older than Java!
  • But couldn't gain much popularity then, until recent years. In recent years, Python a very popular and trending language.

 

PERFORMANCE - Python VS Java

Not so simple to compare the performance of programming languages. But we can look into how Java and Python code execute.

Java

  • Statically typed language, which means we need to provide a data type to variables before compiling it. Java is first compiled to bytecode and then executed by the JVM. This makes it a little faster than python.

Python

  • On the other hand, Python a dynamically typed language, which means it performs type checking at runtime. The interpreter interprets python code line by line. This makes it a little slower compared to Java.

Well to be very honest, the difference in their execution time is minimal and hence can be ignored.

 

SYNTAX AND SIMPLICITY - Python VS Java

Java

  • In Java removed the concept of pointers and became a simpler language compared to C/C++. As discussed earlier, In java we need to provide data type to variables and has a total of 57 keywords.

Python

  • In Python, we do not need to provide any data type, hence reducing its number of keywords to just 33. Python even simpler compared to Java

 

EXAMPLE OF HELLO WORLD PROGRAM - Python VS Java

Java

class Test {
Public static void main(String[ ] args) {
System.out.println("Hello world");
}

Python

print("Hello world")

  • The difference is in front of you. In Java, we need to create a class, then the main method and then the syntax to print Hello world.
  • But on the other hand, In Python, the same can be done using a single line of the print statement.
  • Hence, I would like to conclude that Python much simpler compared to Java. As a fresher and beginner in programming, Python can be the best programming language to learn first.

 

CAREER AND SCOPE - Python VS Java

I know you have been waiting for this 🙂 Let’s have a look into this parameter.

Java

  • If you check out job openings through any job portal, you will find a lot of openings for a developer position in IT, especially Web developer.
  • When it comes to Web development, Java has strong framework support like Java Enterprise Edition (J2EE), Spring framework, Web services and many more.
  • Companies like TCS, Wipro, LinkedIn, etc have been using Java from a very long time for web development.
  • Web development can be done using Python as well. This can be done using the Django framework. Google Person Finder is written in Python and uses Django as it's web framework.
  • But many service-based companies like TCS, Wipro and many more haven't used Django much.
  • Java can also be used for android mobile application development.
  • Seems like Java is winning here.

Python

  • You might have heard of these trending terms like Machine Learning, Data Science, Data analytics, Artificial intelligence and more.
  • In terms of these technologies, Python much more powerful than any of its competitors.
  • Python has many modules like Numpy, Panda, Scikit-learn, Matplotlib and many more that are used for Data Science.   
  • Now you might be wondering whether to go for Web development or Data science?
  • Let’s look into some facts - As per www.analyticsindiamag.com
    • In 2019, there has been an overall growth in the number of jobs in analytics and data science ecosystem with India contributing to 6% of open job openings worldwide.
    • Compared to the numbers in 2017, 2018 had an optimistic job growth with a 45% increase in open job requirements.
    • There has been a 2% increase in the numbers of analytics jobs offering more than 15 Lakh annual salary as compared t0 2017.
    • Python will continue to dominate the market, Python continues to be the tool of choice among data analysts and data scientists and this reflected in the hiring market as well with 17% jobs listing the language as a core capability.
    • Approximately 15% of analytics jobs are from Mumbai. This significantly up from 12% last year.

 

So, I guess I have made a simple choice for you 🙂

To summarize, Data science has a great scope for many years to come with package 5 times more than Web development. Python will remain the favorite language for Data science. To add some brownie points, Python also a great choice for Ethical Hacking and Networking.

so we have a clear winner and that is Python. To learn these trendy language visit Python Training Institute in Mumbai & Java Training Institute in Mumbai.
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